Jump to content

Search the Community

Showing results for tags 'how-to'.

  • Search By Tags

    Type tags separated by commas.
  • Search By Author

Content Type


Forums

  • General
    • Announcements
    • Emby Premiere Purchase/Subscription Support
    • Feature Requests
    • Tutorials and Guides
  • Emby Server
    • General/Windows
    • Android Server
    • Asustor
    • FreeBSD
    • Linux
    • NetGear ReadyNAS
    • MacOS
    • QNAP
    • Synology
    • TerraMaster NAS
    • Thecus
    • Western Digital
    • DLNA
    • Live TV
  • Emby Apps
    • Amazon Alexa
    • Android Mobile
    • Android TV / Fire TV
    • Emby Theater
    • iOS
    • Apple TV
    • Kodi
    • Raspberry Pi
    • Roku
    • Samsung Smart TV
    • Sony PlayStation
    • LG Smart TV
    • Web App
    • Windows Media Center
    • Plugins
  • Language-specific support
    • Arabic
    • Dutch
    • French
    • German
    • Italian
    • Portuguese
    • Russian
    • Spanish
    • Swedish
  • Community Contributions
    • Ember for Emby
    • Fan Art & Videos
    • Tools and Utilities
    • Web App CSS
  • Other
    • Non-Emby General Discussion
    • Developer API
    • Hardware
    • Media Clubs
    • Legacy Support

Blogs

  • Emby Blog

Find results in...

Find results that contain...


Date Created

  • Start

    End


Last Updated

  • Start

    End


Filter by number of...

Found 2 results

  1. Cloudflare and emby Config Version 1.0.0 Last Update 02-25-2022 Update by Pir8Radio ** UPDATE: I AM HEARING OF EMBY USERS GETTING VIDEO FILES BLOCKED WHEN USING CLOUDFLARE (FREE TIER). IF THIS IS THE CASE, I NO LONGER RECOMMEND USING CLOUDFLARE. Even with the cache bypass rules, your video still passes through their system and is technically against their TOS. Use CloudFlare at your own risk if you choose to continue. I'll update if I get more info. Please post in this thread if you find you have video loading/playing/downloading issues while using cloudflare or have received an email from them about this. MESSAGE FROM CLOUDFLARE: Free, Pro, and Business Plans serving videos or a disproportionate amount of non-HTML content can be in violation of Section 2.8 of the Self-Serve Subscription Agreement (TOS). This will turn into a full Cloudflare how-to. Others are welcome to edit this or PM me with suggestions.. However right now I'm just going to post some recommended settings for people who already have Cloudflare setup. There are a few cloudflare settings that break emby, some break it in obvious ways, some only certain apps in certain situations.. These are the settings I found that work well as of today. I'll try to maintain this post and update the header info should new features come out, or the community discovers better settings than these. As of today, these are the settings available to us in Cloudflare FREE account: First disable the two main things that will break emby, go to the "Speed" tab then "Optimization" sub-tab. DISABLE Auto Minify and Rocket Loader! (screen shots are in the recommended state) Other options on this settings page are optional to enable, I suggest enabling Brotli compression. It's a good thing. Now head over to the "Caching" tab and select the "Configuration" sub-tab. Set your Caching settings as shown below. THIS IS OPTIONAL: Other settings in this settings tab are optional to whatever you like.. I have "Always Online" enabled, its kind of a neat feature that caches as much of your emby server as it can in case your server is down, users will at least see an emby splash screen, that's usually about it.. but its something... kind of useless otherwise.. Handy if you have other websites, it will totally cache normal html websites and users can continue to use your cached site when you have a web server outage. Next head over to the "Rules" tab. Create these two rules: Rule #2 here we will bypass caching 99% of all video. Caching the video will actually slow down the client experience. It screws with the chunks and often times has to fully cache 1 chunk before cloudflare sends it to the client, causing playback delays. Rule #3 here will cache all images on the edge servers for 30 days. We need this rule, because cloudflare only caches known file urls, like picture.jpg or poster.png emby serves up webp images with NO EXTENSION so cloudflare doesn't know to cache these items. But 99% of emby images come from the /items/XXXXXX/images directory so we will just force cache everything that comes from this URL, it should be only images. Keep in mind when you enable this it can take some time to build up cache.. emby serves up different sized images based on browser screen size, apps, etc.. so if you load a page that is minimized to a small window on your desktop emby will serve smaller sized images, if you make your browser full screen, now emby will serve up larger images and those images may load slow the first few times until they get cached too. Go below this screenshot and I'll show you how to check if caching is working. Check to see if Cloudflare Caching is working Well, how do you know Cloudflare is doing its thang'? Use a browser like chrome, or the new Microsoft edge (which is just a rebranded chrome). Open the browser, right click in the browser window and go down to "Inspect" (there is an F key for this too I forget what it is, I should add that here lol). Once the dev window pops up adjust it so you have a good view on the right, click the "Network" tab, hit the reload button on whatever page you are on so some info populates on the right dev screen. You should see something similar to this: Right click on the table header (Name, Method, Status, Protocol) anywhere, just right click the "Name" one. Go down to "Response Headers" then "Manage Header Columns". A little window will pop up hit "Add custom header..." and then add this header: cf-cache-status Now select the little sub tab that says "all" now surf your way to your emby server, and you should see something like the below screenshot. Hit is well..... a hit! this image came from cloudflare and was never requested from your emby server, saving you from sending this image to the client, saving time and bandwidth. MISS is also kind of obvious, it was a miss, either due to never being cached yet (first time Cloudflare has seen this image or document) if you hit refresh a few times, cloudflare will then cache it and it will turn to HIT. BYPASS I'm actually not sure why my server is returning server 500 errors below, this image is being called for by emby clients but the server has no image to serve, but usually you should only see BYPASS on playing video's if your rules above are correct. Or in my case, a server error will not be cached. DYNAMIC this is also a NO HIT response.. this is usually due to Cloudflare knowing this resource changes a lot and doesn't want to cache it so your clients don't get served stale data, or its a video, websocket, or some other format Cloudfare's great automated intelligence deems it should not be cached. That is the basics that will save you a lot of headache and blaming emby for things not working.. There are lots of cool options to enable outside of these basic settings above, ask questions here, send ideas that maybe I have missed that work great for you.. I just wanted to throw this up due to a lot more of you guys using Cloudflare. In the end you should start to see more "HIT" responses... and a noticeably faster loading time for the clients, less bandwidth usage for your emby server, and everyone is happy.. Well..... within reason....
  2. This guide will explain how to setup a Windows Server instance of Emby server with IIS as full transparent reverse proxy with SSL offload and auto-renewing certificates via Lets Encrypt. First, What is IIS? IIS or Internet Information Services is the web server service provided with Windows and Windows server installations. It is industry standard technology and is widely supported and regularly maintained by Microsoft. Second, What is a reverse proxy? A reverse proxy will take requests coming into your server (in this case HTTPS on port 443) and route them to a backend application (in this case Emby Server on port 8096 on the same box or another). Reverse proxies are very useful if you only have 1 public IP and multiple services you would like to run on a single port (443, for example is standard secure web traffic) or multiple servers that need to appear as one. Third, Why do I want a certificate for my site from Lets Encrypt? Well, most sites now days are secure (read they encrypt your traffic to prevent people from seeing your data), browsers these days flag sites that are not using properly signed certificate chains or run on insecure ports. If you use a self signed certificate in Emby, you may have difficulty getting things like the iOS app or Roku app to work properly outside your home. (Not sure about the rest of you, but Emby on the kid’s iPad is a life saver for long car rides). Let’s Encrypt provides free SSL certificates that are signed by certificate authorities that will be recognized on all devices and platforms. I will be using Windows Server 2019 with IIS 10 and AAR 3. All of this should work with Windows Server 2012R2 and Windows Server 2016 as well as Windows 10, however there may be some differences. You can use either stable or beta version of Emby Server, however in this guide we will use the stable version. At the time of writing, this guide will get you a full A+ rating from SSLlabs.com security test. (For comparison purposes, Facebook’s rating is a B.) In this guide we will: Install Emby Server Move Emby Server Installation to a non-user-locked location Setup a service user to run Emby Server as Configure Emby Server to run as a service Configure Windows Firewall Install IIS Install AAR Install IIS Rewrite module Configure AAR Configure IIS as a reverse proxy for Emby Configure SSL cypher suites for the server Install the Certify the Web client. Configure Certify the Web for auto-renewing SSL certificate for your domain Note: To be externally accessible, you will need to configure your route/modem to port forward 80 and 443 to your server. Pre-reqs/Assumptions: A physical server or VM running Windows Server An Internet Connection A DynDNS/No-IP URL (or similar routable dns name pointed at your router’s public IP) You have port forwarded ports 80 and 443 through your router to the machine you will use as a reverse proxy (in this guide we will use the same box for the reverse proxy and Emby server, but these can be run on different hosts). You have installed Notepad++ on the machine you will be setting up. Install Emby Server Download Emby Server Run the Installer Click Run when prompted If prompted by smart screen, click run anyway If prompted to install Visual C++ runtime, click install It will install to default location of %APPDATA%\Emby-Server. Move Emby Server to Non-User Locked Location Ensure that Emby Server is not running (right click icon in system tray if present and click Exit) Navigate to default location of %APPDATA% (%userprofille%\appdata\roaming) Right click the folder and click "cut" Navigate to C:\ (or root of the drive you wish to have Emby run from) Right click in the whitespace and paste. (if prompted to provide administrator permission, approve) Create a Service Account to run Emby as Note: Instructions show how to do this using local users and computers, you can also do this with Active Directory Users and Computers if your server is running that role. Right click on the start button (Windows flag) on the left side of the task bar Click Computer Management Expand Local Users and Groups on the left side Click Users Right click the whitespace and click new user Complete the new user dialog as shown (make sure you save whatever password you use as you will need it later, ProTip: don't re-use passwords) Click create Click close Close the computer management window Setup NSSM NSSM (Non-Sucking Service Manager) is needed to run Emby Server as a service as Emby Server does not include the nessicary components to run as a Windows service by default. Download here: https://nssm.cc/download Double click downloaded zip to open it in windows explorer Navigate to /win64 folder inside zip Copy/extract 64 bit version of the file to C:\Emby-Server Setup Folder Permissions Navigate to C:\ Right click the Emby-Server folder Click Properties Click Security tab Click Advanced Click Disable Inheritance Click Convert to Explicit Select CREATOR OWNER Click Remove Select Users (special) Click Remove Click Add Enter SvcEmby in the dialog Click OK Click Full Control Click OK Click Change next to owner at the top of the box Type SvcEmby in the dialog Click OK Check the Replace owner check box Check the Replace permissions checkbox Verify the dialog window looks similar to this (computer name will be different) Click OK When prompted if you want to replace permissions click Yes Verify security tab looks like this Click OK Setup Emby as a Service using NSSM Right click the start button on the left side of the task bar Click Windows Powershell (Admin) Type: "cd C:\Emby-Server" and press enter Type ".\nssm.exe install Emby" and press enter The install service dialog will launch, fill out as follows: Application Tab Details Tab Logon Tab (note, if you are using active directory it should be: YOURDOMAIN\SvcEmby) Exit Actions Tab Click Install Service Click OK Config ure Windows Firewall Click Start Click Control Panel Click Windows Defender Firewall Click Advanced Settings on the left hand side Click Inbound Rules Click New Rule on the right hand side Click Port Click Next Type 80, 443 in the ports box Click Next Click Next Click Next Name it Web Server Ports Click Finish Install IIS (Internet Information Services) Click Start Click Server Manager Click Add Roles and Features Click next on the Before you Begin page Click Role Based install Click Next Verify you are installing on your local server Click Next Check the box for "Web Server (IIS)" When prompted to install management tools Click Add Features Click Next Under Features, click Next Click Next again to get to role services Check the boxes for all of the following role services Make sure you check the box for web sockets under Application Development, this is needed for various features of Emby to work right. Click Next Click Install Once installation completes, click close Install Web Platform Installer add-on Download from: https://www.microsoft.com/web/downloads/platform.aspx Run the Web Platform Installer add-on installer Click Install Click Finish Install AAR (Advanced Application Routing) Download from: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=47333 Run the Request Router installer Click Install Install IIS Re-Write Module Click Start Click Administrative Tools Open Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager Click the name of your server on the left Double Click on the Web Platform Installer In the search box type "url rewrite" Click Add Click Install Click I Agree Click Finish Configure AAR Click Start Click Administrative Tools Open Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager Click the name of your server on the left Right Click Server Farms Click Create Server Farm Name your Server Farm Click Next Enter the IP address of the server or "localhost" Click Add Click Finish Click No in the dialog that pops up Expand your newly created Server Farm Click Proxy Configure settings as shown Click Apply Click your Server Click Application Request Routing Click Server Proxy Settings Configure settings as shown Click Apply Click Your Server Configure IIS Server Variables Click Url Re-Write Click View Server Variables Click Add Type "HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING" Click OK Click Add Type "HTTP_X_ORIGINAL_ACCEPT_ENCODING" Click OK Click Add Type "HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR" Click OK Click Add Type "HTTP_X_REAL_IP" Click OK Click Your Server Create Emby Site Expand Sites on the left hand side Right Click "Default Web Site" Highlight "Manage Website" Click Stop Right Click the white space in the Sites list Click Add Website Click the "..." button to the right of Physical Path Browse to C:\inetpub\wwwroot Click it Click Make New Folder Call it Emby Click OK Under Binding Fill in with your public host name (see dynamic dns mentioned in pre-reqs) Click OK Configure Logging Click your server Click Logging Click Select Fields Click Add Field Configure as shown Click OK Click OK Click Apply Install and Configure Certify The Web client Download From: https://certifytheweb.com Run the Certify the Web installer Click Next Click Next Click Next Click Install Click Finish Click New Certificate Click on on Contact Prompt Fill in your contact email Click Register Contact Click New Certificate again Select Emby from the sites list Name and domain will populate automatically. Click Deployment Configure as shown Complete certificate verification process Click your site in IIS manager Click Bindings Verify there is an HTTPS binding and that it looks similar to this (with your domain information) Edit Web.Config for Emby Site Click HTTP Response Headers Click Add Configure as show (we are just creating a header to get the web.config to exist, we will paste in a premed one below, so these values dont really matter) Click OK Open an Explorer window and Browse to C:\inetpub\wwwroot\Emby Right click web.config and Edit with Notepad++ Replace existing content with web.config below <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <configuration> <system.webServer> <rewrite> <rules> <clear></clear> <rule name="Redirect to https" enabled="true" patternSyntax="Wildcard" stopProcessing="true"> <match url="*" negate="false" /> <conditions logicalGrouping="MatchAny"> <add input="{HTTPS}" pattern="off" /> </conditions> <action type="Redirect" url="https://{HTTP_HOST}{REQUEST_URI}" redirectType="Found" /> </rule> <rule name="Proxy to Emby" stopProcessing="false"> <match url="(.*)" /> <serverVariables> <set name="HTTP_X_ORIGINAL_ACCEPT_ENCODING" value="{HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING}" /> <set name="HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING" value="" /> <set name="HTTP_X_REAL_IP" value="{REMOTE_ADDR}" /> </serverVariables> <action type="Rewrite" url="http://localhost:8096/{R:1}" logRewrittenUrl="true" /> <conditions> <add input="/{R:1}" pattern=".well-known" negate="true" /> </conditions> </rule> </rules> <outboundRules> <rule name="Add Strict-Transport-Security when HTTPS" enabled="true"> <match serverVariable="RESPONSE_Strict_Transport_Security" pattern=".*" /> <conditions> <add input="{HTTPS}" pattern="on" /> </conditions> <action type="Rewrite" value="max-age=31536000; includeSubDomains; preload" /> </rule> <rule name="Proxy to Emby" preCondition="ResponseIsHtml1" enabled="true"> <match filterByTags="A, Area, Base, Form, Frame, Head, IFrame, Img, Input, Link, Script" pattern="^http(s)?://http://localhost:8096/(.*)" /> <action type="Rewrite" value="http{R:1}://media.example.com/{R:2}" /> </rule> <rule name="Restore-AcceptEncoding" preCondition="NeedsRestoringAcceptEncoding"> <match serverVariable="HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING" pattern="^(.*)" /> <action type="Rewrite" value="{HTTP_X_ORIGINAL_ACCEPT_ENCODING}" /> </rule> <preConditions> <preCondition name="ResponseIsHtml1"> <add input="{RESPONSE_CONTENT_TYPE}" pattern="^text/(.+)" /> </preCondition> <preCondition name="NeedsRestoringAcceptEncoding"> <add input="{HTTP_X_ORIGINAL_ACCEPT_ENCODING}" pattern=".+" /> </preCondition> </preConditions> </outboundRules> </rewrite> <caching enabled="false" enableKernelCache="false" /> <httpProtocol> <customHeaders> <add name="X-Frame-Options" value="SAMEORIGIN" /> <add name="X-Xss-Protection" value="1; mode=block" /> <add name="X-Content-Type-Options" value="nosniff" /> <add name="Referrer-Policy" value="same-origin" /> <add name="Feature-Policy" value="sync-xhr 'self'" /> <add name="Cache-Control" value="no-cache" /> </customHeaders> </httpProtocol> </system.webServer> </configuration> Save changes (if prompted to restart Notepad++ in admin mode allow it and then try saving again) IIS will now be properly configured as a reverse proxy for Emby. Under IIS Manager > Rewrite you should now see the following rules: Configure Server Cyphers Download here: https://www.nartac.com/Products/IISCrypto/Download (GUI version) Run the IISCrypto too Click Templates In the template drop down box, select PCI 3.2 This will disable IIS from being able to serve via SSL 2.0, 3.0; TLS 1.0 and TLS 1.1. This will leave just the industry standard TLS 1.2. Click Apply Click OK. Reboot your server. Emby Internal Settings Navigate to your server via the localhost:8096 address Click the gear in the top right corner Click Network from the list of tabs on the right Configure as shown (use your hostname in the external domain box) Conclusion Upon rebooting your computer will start IIS services and Emby server as a service. Traffic coming in on port 80 (if someone just types your url without HTTPS in their browser's address bar) will be automatically redirected to port 443 and the HTTPS:// version of your host name. Your certificate will auto-renew every so often and re-bind to the site in IIS without any interaction on your part. This allows for a server that you can for the most part setup, and forget about and just manage your Emby installation via its web ui. There are a lot of ways to set up Emby server depending on your environment and other factors. For my environment this made the most sense and since large portions of this took quite a bit of digging and research to get working just right, I figured Id make someone else's life a little easier if they were trying to do something similar. These instructions can be adapted for Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2016, Windows 8 and Windows 10. In the end browsing to your domain should look like this in the browser Additional Information for Updating When Updating your Emby installation. Simply stop the service for Emby, install like you normally would, then just cut the system folder inside the %appdata%\emby-server folder and paste it into the C:\Emby-Server folder. When prompted replace all files, then start the service again once the copy completes. Additional Information about Connecting with Emby Apps When connecting to your Emby installation remotely with Emby apps remember to prefix your domain name with https:// and use 443 for the port number. <Edit> Additional Information about changing Emby Server Title: For those users who wish to change their page title in browser (as discussed here), here is additional Web.Config information that will let you do just that! Using IIS Re-Write rules to change the page title means, you don't have to edit files to reset it every time you upgrade your Emby Server! Add these 3 rules at the bottom of the rules list, replace whole <preConditions> block too.: NOTE: Make sure you replace ALL 4 instances of NAME_OF_YOUR_SERVER with what you want your server to display in the tab bar. <rule name="RewriteTitle" preCondition="ResponseIsHtml1" enabled="true"> <match filterByTags="None" pattern="&lt;title>(.*)&lt;/title>" /> <action type="Rewrite" value="&lt;title>NAME_OF_YOUR_SERVER&lt;/title>" /> </rule> <rule name="RewriteAppHeaderJs" preCondition="ResponseIsJS" enabled="true"> <match filterByTags="None" pattern="document.title=&quot;Emby&quot;" /> <action type="Rewrite" value="document.title=&quot;NAME_OF_YOUR_SERVER&quot;" /> </rule> <rule name="RewriteAppHeaderJs2" preCondition="ResponseIsJS" enabled="true"> <match filterByTags="None" pattern="title.Name||&quot;Emby&quot;:&quot;Emby&quot;" /> <action type="Rewrite" value="title.Name||&quot;NAME_OF_YOUR_SERVER&quot;:&quot;NAME_OF_YOUR_SERVER&quot;" /> </rule> <preConditions> <preCondition name="ResponseIsHtml1"> <add input="{RESPONSE_CONTENT_TYPE}" pattern="^text/(.+)" /> </preCondition> <preCondition name="ResponseIsJS"> <add input="{RESPONSE_CONTENT_TYPE}" pattern="application/javascript|text/javascript" /> </preCondition> <preCondition name="NeedsRestoringAcceptEncoding"> <add input="{HTTP_X_ORIGINAL_ACCEPT_ENCODING}" pattern=".+" /> </preCondition> </preConditions> </Edit>
×
×
  • Create New...