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HOW TO: emby with NGINX - With Windows Specific Tips and CSP options


pir8radio

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I'm going to ask a stupid question, so please feel free to treat it with kid gloves or with spice (I won't hold it against you!).  I am having issues with friends who are on a different ISP and they keep getting throttled down no matter what we do (1-3 mb).  Should I be using this to have everything on port 80 so that their service provider stops traffic shaping due to the ports that are in use, or should I instead go the SSL route?  I am trying to find an answer that will prevent every single one of these users from having to either switch ISP's or use a VPN.  Lately in the evening they can't even browse the server because their ISP is throttling them so hard (had a friend who is 3 blocks away walk over and ask if my server was down).  People who are on the same ISP as I am do not have this issue at all.  In fact I can easily go to a family member's house on the other side of town who has the same ISP and watch a 4k remux with no issues at all.  No buffering, no stuttering and no pauses.  It acts as if I am sitting in front of my own PC.  

I'm sorry if that this question is so stupid, and possibly out of place, but I am just trying to understand more of the benefits.  The only reason I ask is I remember back in the day that certain ISP's in the EU would throttle any traffic that wasn't on port 80, so most FTP servers that people would run on their personal systems, would be on port 80, for "unlimited" speed.

I'm sorry if this is a waste of your time, and damaging to your brain cells.

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If an ISP is throttling that hard, I doubt that changing port or using a VPN will help.  Changing ISP would almost certainly be more effective!  But if that means, for instance, moving from a cable supplier to one using ADSL/VDSL, then there may be an associated loss of other services, such as phone or TV even (which a cable supplier probably prioritises over Internet use of any kind), so the answer may not be simple.

The problem may also be geographical, in that an old cable infrastructure in a certain area may be bandwidth-limited overall compared with more recent installations.

Paul

Edited by pwhodges
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  • 1 month later...

Figure I should share my cloudflare nginx setup that I've been developing over the years... taken from various peoples' setups across these forums & the internet & lots of my own random testing

It's certainly tricky to get a lot of these security settings working right across the emby apps & devices... but this setup gets A/A+ on the various SSL testing services and works on everything I use.

The main things to note:

1. Only uses TLS 1.2 / 1.3 and only ciphers suites with perfect forward secrecy

2. Correctly implements OCSP stapling

3. Prefers chacha20 for mobile devices that don't have hardware AES acceleration 

4. Restricts access to only Cloudflare IPs

5. Implements htpasswd password for an additional layer of security

6. Prefers lower complexity ciphers to minimize overhead

7. Has full (strict) end-to-end encryption from origin server to cloudflare to end user

8. Splits out TLS 1.2 ciphers and 1.3 ciphers in proper "ssl_ciphers" and "ssl_conf_command Ciphersuites"

9. Doesn't use HSTS for privacy reasons

10. Bonus: Has working settings for remote access to services like jackett/sonarr/qbit

 

worker_processes  auto;

error_log  logs/error.log;

events {
    worker_connections  4096;
}


http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;
    server_names_hash_bucket_size 64;
    server_tokens off;
    access_log off;
#access logs disabled 

    include cloudflare-allow.conf; 
#only accept cloudflare IPs
    deny all;    							
#block all IPs except cloudflare

		ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:20m;
		ssl_session_timeout 180m;
		ssl_session_tickets on;
		ssl_early_data on;

    gzip on;
	gzip_disable "msie6";
	gzip_comp_level 6;
	gzip_min_length 1100;
	gzip_buffers 16 8k;
	gzip_proxied any;
	gzip_types
	    text/plain
	    text/css
	    text/js
	    text/xml
	    text/javascript
	    application/javascript
	    application/x-javascript
	    application/json
	    application/xml
	    application/rss+xml
	    image/svg+xml;

    tcp_nodelay on; 


	server {
		listen 443 ssl http2;  				
#only listen for https
		
		server_name domain.com;  			
#domain name here

		include cloudflare-allow.conf; 
		deny all;      

    	auth_basic           "Auth";  
    	auth_basic_user_file .htpasswdd;   	
#additional httpauth password protection
		
		ssl_certificate ssl/cert.pem;
		ssl_certificate_key ssl/private.key;

		ssl_protocols TLSv1.3 TLSv1.2;		
#prefers v1.3 with minimum v1.2
		ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;  
		
		ssl_early_data on;

		ssl_ciphers 'ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-SHA:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-SHA256:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-ECDSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE+AES128:RSA+AES128:ECDHE+AES256:!aNULL:!eNULL:!EXPORT:!DES:!RC4:!MD5:!PSK:!aECDH:!EDH-DSS-DES-CBC3-SHA:!EDH-RSA-DES-CBC3-SHA:!KRB5-DES-CBC3-SHA:!DSS';
#only use ciphers with perfect-forward-secrecy and prefer low-overhead ciphers

		ssl_conf_command Options PrioritizeChaCha;  					
#prefer chacha for mobile devices that dont have hardware AES
        
		ssl_conf_command Ciphersuites TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256:TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384:TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256;
		
		keepalive_timeout 70;

		resolver 1.1.1.1 1.0.0.1 valid=300s;
#cloudflare DNS
        
		resolver_timeout 10s;


		ssl_stapling on;
		ssl_stapling_verify on; 
		ssl_stapling_responder http://ocsp.cloudflare.com/;  

		ssl_trusted_certificate ssl/certPlusOrigin.pem;
#my cert + cloudflare certs combined in 1 file

		ssl_client_certificate ssl/origin-pull-ca.pem;
#from cloudflare
        
		ssl_verify_client on;
		ssl_ocsp on;
		ssl_ocsp_responder http://ocsp.cloudflare.com/;
		ssl_ocsp_cache shared:OCSPCache:20m;

		ssl_dhparam ssl/dhparam.pem;
		ssl_ecdh_curve secp384r1;


		add_header Referrer-Policy "same-origin";
		add_header X-Frame-Options SAMEORIGIN;
		add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
		add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";


		client_max_body_size 100M;


		proxy_set_header Host $host;
		proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
		proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
		proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
		proxy_set_header Early-Data $ssl_early_data;

		proxy_http_version 1.1;
		proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
		proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";

		proxy_redirect off;
		proxy_buffering off;


		location / {
			auth_basic off;
#disable additional httpauth password for emby only 

			proxy_pass emby:port;

			include cloudflare-allow.conf;
			deny all;
            

			proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
			proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";
			proxy_set_header Early-Data $ssl_early_data;	
			proxy_hide_header X-Powered-By;	 
			proxy_set_header Range $http_range;  
			proxy_set_header If-Range $http_if_range;  
			proxy_set_header Host $host;  
			proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
			proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Ssl on;	
		}
		

		location /jackett {
			proxy_pass jackett:port;
			proxy_hide_header X-Powered-By;
			proxy_set_header Host $host;
			proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
			proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Ssl on;
			proxy_redirect default;
		}


		location /sonarr {
			proxy_pass sonarr:port;
			proxy_hide_header X-Powered-By;
			proxy_set_header Host $host;
			proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
			proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Ssl on;
			proxy_redirect off;
			proxy_buffering off;
		
		}


		location /qbittorrent/ {
    			proxy_pass              qbit:port;
    			proxy_hide_header X-Powered-By;
    			proxy_hide_header       Referer;
    			proxy_hide_header       Origin;
    			proxy_set_header        Referer                 '';
    			proxy_set_header        Origin                  '';
    			add_header              X-Frame-Options         "SAMEORIGIN";
				proxy_set_header Host $host;
				proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
				proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Ssl on;
				proxy_redirect off;
				proxy_buffering off;
		}



	}
}

 

 

 

Edited by dapper
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And the important certificates/files to make it all work. 

cloudflare-allow.conf

# https://www.cloudflare.com/ips
# IPv4
allow 103.21.244.0/22;
allow 103.22.200.0/22;
allow 103.31.4.0/22;
allow 104.16.0.0/12;
allow 108.162.192.0/18;
allow 131.0.72.0/22;
allow 141.101.64.0/18;
allow 162.158.0.0/15;
allow 172.64.0.0/13;
allow 173.245.48.0/20;
allow 188.114.96.0/20;
allow 190.93.240.0/20;
allow 197.234.240.0/22;
allow 198.41.128.0/17;
allow 127.0.0.1/32;

cert.pem (your site's cert)

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

private.key (your site's key)

-----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
-----END PRIVATE KEY-----
origin-pull-ca.pem

https://support.cloudflare.com/hc/en-us/articles/204899617-Authenticated-Origin-Pulls

https://support.cloudflare.com/hc/en-us/article_attachments/360044928032/origin-pull-ca.pem

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIGCjCCA/KgAwIBAgIIV5G6lVbCLmEwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQENBQAwgZAxCzAJBgNV
BAYTAlVTMRkwFwYDVQQKExBDbG91ZEZsYXJlLCBJbmMuMRQwEgYDVQQLEwtPcmln
aW4gUHVsbDEWMBQGA1UEBxMNU2FuIEZyYW5jaXNjbzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZv
cm5pYTEjMCEGA1UEAxMab3JpZ2luLXB1bGwuY2xvdWRmbGFyZS5uZXQwHhcNMTkx
MDEwMTg0NTAwWhcNMjkxMTAxMTcwMDAwWjCBkDELMAkGA1UEBhMCVVMxGTAXBgNV
BAoTEENsb3VkRmxhcmUsIEluYy4xFDASBgNVBAsTC09yaWdpbiBQdWxsMRYwFAYD
VQQHEw1TYW4gRnJhbmNpc2NvMRMwEQYDVQQIEwpDYWxpZm9ybmlhMSMwIQYDVQQD
ExpvcmlnaW4tcHVsbC5jbG91ZGZsYXJlLm5ldDCCAiIwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEBBQAD
ggIPADCCAgoCggIBAN2y2zojYfl0bKfhp0AJBFeV+jQqbCw3sHmvEPwLmqDLqynI
42tZXR5y914ZB9ZrwbL/K5O46exd/LujJnV2b3dzcx5rtiQzso0xzljqbnbQT20e
ihx/WrF4OkZKydZzsdaJsWAPuplDH5P7J82q3re88jQdgE5hqjqFZ3clCG7lxoBw
hLaazm3NJJlUfzdk97ouRvnFGAuXd5cQVx8jYOOeU60sWqmMe4QHdOvpqB91bJoY
QSKVFjUgHeTpN8tNpKJfb9LIn3pun3bC9NKNHtRKMNX3Kl/sAPq7q/AlndvA2Kw3
Dkum2mHQUGdzVHqcOgea9BGjLK2h7SuX93zTWL02u799dr6Xkrad/WShHchfjjRn
aL35niJUDr02YJtPgxWObsrfOU63B8juLUphW/4BOjjJyAG5l9j1//aUGEi/sEe5
lqVv0P78QrxoxR+MMXiJwQab5FB8TG/ac6mRHgF9CmkX90uaRh+OC07XjTdfSKGR
PpM9hB2ZhLol/nf8qmoLdoD5HvODZuKu2+muKeVHXgw2/A6wM7OwrinxZiyBk5Hh
CvaADH7PZpU6z/zv5NU5HSvXiKtCzFuDu4/Zfi34RfHXeCUfHAb4KfNRXJwMsxUa
+4ZpSAX2G6RnGU5meuXpU5/V+DQJp/e69XyyY6RXDoMywaEFlIlXBqjRRA2pAgMB
AAGjZjBkMA4GA1UdDwEB/wQEAwIBBjASBgNVHRMBAf8ECDAGAQH/AgECMB0GA1Ud
DgQWBBRDWUsraYuA4REzalfNVzjann3F6zAfBgNVHSMEGDAWgBRDWUsraYuA4REz
alfNVzjann3F6zANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQ0FAAOCAgEAkQ+T9nqcSlAuW/90DeYmQOW1
QhqOor5psBEGvxbNGV2hdLJY8h6QUq48BCevcMChg/L1CkznBNI40i3/6heDn3IS
zVEwXKf34pPFCACWVMZxbQjkNRTiH8iRur9EsaNQ5oXCPJkhwg2+IFyoPAAYURoX
VcI9SCDUa45clmYHJ/XYwV1icGVI8/9b2JUqklnOTa5tugwIUi5sTfipNcJXHhgz
6BKYDl0/UP0lLKbsUETXeTGDiDpxZYIgbcFrRDDkHC6BSvdWVEiH5b9mH2BON60z
0O0j8EEKTwi9jnafVtZQXP/D8yoVowdFDjXcKkOPF/1gIh9qrFR6GdoPVgB3SkLc
5ulBqZaCHm563jsvWb/kXJnlFxW+1bsO9BDD6DweBcGdNurgmH625wBXksSdD7y/
fakk8DagjbjKShYlPEFOAqEcliwjF45eabL0t27MJV61O/jHzHL3dknXeE4BDa2j
bA+JbyJeUMtU7KMsxvx82RmhqBEJJDBCJ3scVptvhDMRrtqDBW5JShxoAOcpFQGm
iYWicn46nPDjgTU0bX1ZPpTpryXbvciVL5RkVBuyX2ntcOLDPlZWgxZCBp96x07F
AnOzKgZk4RzZPNAxCXERVxajn/FLcOhglVAKo5H0ac+AitlQ0ip55D2/mf8o72tM
fVQ6VpyjEXdiIXWUq/o=
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
certPlusOrigin.pem

Your Cert + the Cloudflare certs combined into 1 file

https://support.cloudflare.com/hc/en-us/articles/115000479507-Managing-Cloudflare-Origin-CA-certificates

https://support.cloudflare.com/hc/article_attachments/360037898732/origin_ca_ecc_root.pem

https://support.cloudflare.com/hc/article_attachments/360037885371/origin_ca_rsa_root.pem

https://support.cloudflare.com/hc/en-us/article_attachments/360044928032/origin-pull-ca.pem

 

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
[same as "cert.pem"]
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIGCjCCA/KgAwIBAgIIV5G6lVbCLmEwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQENBQAwgZAxCzAJBgNV
BAYTAlVTMRkwFwYDVQQKExBDbG91ZEZsYXJlLCBJbmMuMRQwEgYDVQQLEwtPcmln
aW4gUHVsbDEWMBQGA1UEBxMNU2FuIEZyYW5jaXNjbzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZv
cm5pYTEjMCEGA1UEAxMab3JpZ2luLXB1bGwuY2xvdWRmbGFyZS5uZXQwHhcNMTkx
MDEwMTg0NTAwWhcNMjkxMTAxMTcwMDAwWjCBkDELMAkGA1UEBhMCVVMxGTAXBgNV
BAoTEENsb3VkRmxhcmUsIEluYy4xFDASBgNVBAsTC09yaWdpbiBQdWxsMRYwFAYD
VQQHEw1TYW4gRnJhbmNpc2NvMRMwEQYDVQQIEwpDYWxpZm9ybmlhMSMwIQYDVQQD
ExpvcmlnaW4tcHVsbC5jbG91ZGZsYXJlLm5ldDCCAiIwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEBBQAD
ggIPADCCAgoCggIBAN2y2zojYfl0bKfhp0AJBFeV+jQqbCw3sHmvEPwLmqDLqynI
42tZXR5y914ZB9ZrwbL/K5O46exd/LujJnV2b3dzcx5rtiQzso0xzljqbnbQT20e
ihx/WrF4OkZKydZzsdaJsWAPuplDH5P7J82q3re88jQdgE5hqjqFZ3clCG7lxoBw
hLaazm3NJJlUfzdk97ouRvnFGAuXd5cQVx8jYOOeU60sWqmMe4QHdOvpqB91bJoY
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Dkum2mHQUGdzVHqcOgea9BGjLK2h7SuX93zTWL02u799dr6Xkrad/WShHchfjjRn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6BKYDl0/UP0lLKbsUETXeTGDiDpxZYIgbcFrRDDkHC6BSvdWVEiH5b9mH2BON60z
0O0j8EEKTwi9jnafVtZQXP/D8yoVowdFDjXcKkOPF/1gIh9qrFR6GdoPVgB3SkLc
5ulBqZaCHm563jsvWb/kXJnlFxW+1bsO9BDD6DweBcGdNurgmH625wBXksSdD7y/
fakk8DagjbjKShYlPEFOAqEcliwjF45eabL0t27MJV61O/jHzHL3dknXeE4BDa2j
bA+JbyJeUMtU7KMsxvx82RmhqBEJJDBCJ3scVptvhDMRrtqDBW5JShxoAOcpFQGm
iYWicn46nPDjgTU0bX1ZPpTpryXbvciVL5RkVBuyX2ntcOLDPlZWgxZCBp96x07F
AnOzKgZk4RzZPNAxCXERVxajn/FLcOhglVAKo5H0ac+AitlQ0ip55D2/mf8o72tM
fVQ6VpyjEXdiIXWUq/o=
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

 

(The dhparam.pem & .htpasswd files are not mandatory for the setup and require more complex configuration that you can google)

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Do

On 3/3/2021 at 6:13 AM, dapper said:

And the important certificates/files to make it all work. 

cloudflare-allow.conf


# https://www.cloudflare.com/ips
# IPv4
allow 103.21.244.0/22;
allow 103.22.200.0/22;
allow 103.31.4.0/22;
allow 104.16.0.0/12;
allow 108.162.192.0/18;
allow 131.0.72.0/22;
allow 141.101.64.0/18;
allow 162.158.0.0/15;
allow 172.64.0.0/13;
allow 173.245.48.0/20;
allow 188.114.96.0/20;
allow 190.93.240.0/20;
allow 197.234.240.0/22;
allow 198.41.128.0/17;
allow 127.0.0.1/32;

cert.pem (your site's cert)


-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

private.key (your site's key)


-----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
-----END PRIVATE KEY-----

origin-pull-ca.pem

https://support.cloudflare.com/hc/en-us/articles/204899617-Authenticated-Origin-Pulls

https://support.cloudflare.com/hc/en-us/article_attachments/360044928032/origin-pull-ca.pem


-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIGCjCCA/KgAwIBAgIIV5G6lVbCLmEwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQENBQAwgZAxCzAJBgNV
BAYTAlVTMRkwFwYDVQQKExBDbG91ZEZsYXJlLCBJbmMuMRQwEgYDVQQLEwtPcmln
aW4gUHVsbDEWMBQGA1UEBxMNU2FuIEZyYW5jaXNjbzETMBEGA1UECBMKQ2FsaWZv
cm5pYTEjMCEGA1UEAxMab3JpZ2luLXB1bGwuY2xvdWRmbGFyZS5uZXQwHhcNMTkx
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VQQHEw1TYW4gRnJhbmNpc2NvMRMwEQYDVQQIEwpDYWxpZm9ybmlhMSMwIQYDVQQD
ExpvcmlnaW4tcHVsbC5jbG91ZGZsYXJlLm5ldDCCAiIwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEBBQAD
ggIPADCCAgoCggIBAN2y2zojYfl0bKfhp0AJBFeV+jQqbCw3sHmvEPwLmqDLqynI
42tZXR5y914ZB9ZrwbL/K5O46exd/LujJnV2b3dzcx5rtiQzso0xzljqbnbQT20e
ihx/WrF4OkZKydZzsdaJsWAPuplDH5P7J82q3re88jQdgE5hqjqFZ3clCG7lxoBw
hLaazm3NJJlUfzdk97ouRvnFGAuXd5cQVx8jYOOeU60sWqmMe4QHdOvpqB91bJoY
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Dkum2mHQUGdzVHqcOgea9BGjLK2h7SuX93zTWL02u799dr6Xkrad/WShHchfjjRn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VcI9SCDUa45clmYHJ/XYwV1icGVI8/9b2JUqklnOTa5tugwIUi5sTfipNcJXHhgz
6BKYDl0/UP0lLKbsUETXeTGDiDpxZYIgbcFrRDDkHC6BSvdWVEiH5b9mH2BON60z
0O0j8EEKTwi9jnafVtZQXP/D8yoVowdFDjXcKkOPF/1gIh9qrFR6GdoPVgB3SkLc
5ulBqZaCHm563jsvWb/kXJnlFxW+1bsO9BDD6DweBcGdNurgmH625wBXksSdD7y/
fakk8DagjbjKShYlPEFOAqEcliwjF45eabL0t27MJV61O/jHzHL3dknXeE4BDa2j
bA+JbyJeUMtU7KMsxvx82RmhqBEJJDBCJ3scVptvhDMRrtqDBW5JShxoAOcpFQGm
iYWicn46nPDjgTU0bX1ZPpTpryXbvciVL5RkVBuyX2ntcOLDPlZWgxZCBp96x07F
AnOzKgZk4RzZPNAxCXERVxajn/FLcOhglVAKo5H0ac+AitlQ0ip55D2/mf8o72tM
fVQ6VpyjEXdiIXWUq/o=
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

certPlusOrigin.pem

Your Cert + the Cloudflare certs combined into 1 file

https://support.cloudflare.com/hc/en-us/articles/115000479507-Managing-Cloudflare-Origin-CA-certificates

https://support.cloudflare.com/hc/article_attachments/360037898732/origin_ca_ecc_root.pem

https://support.cloudflare.com/hc/article_attachments/360037885371/origin_ca_rsa_root.pem

https://support.cloudflare.com/hc/en-us/article_attachments/360044928032/origin-pull-ca.pem

 


-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
[same as "cert.pem"]
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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xpIg9G50PokpfWkhbarLfpcZu0UAoYy2su0EhN7wo2YwZDAOBgNVHQ8BAf8EBAMC
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XYZZ9m2c3fKwIenMMojL1eqydsgqj/wK4p5kagQ=
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
MIIGCjCCA/KgAwIBAgIIV5G6lVbCLmEwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQENBQAwgZAxCzAJBgNV
BAYTAlVTMRkwFwYDVQQKExBDbG91ZEZsYXJlLCBJbmMuMRQwEgYDVQQLEwtPcmln
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VQQHEw1TYW4gRnJhbmNpc2NvMRMwEQYDVQQIEwpDYWxpZm9ybmlhMSMwIQYDVQQD
ExpvcmlnaW4tcHVsbC5jbG91ZGZsYXJlLm5ldDCCAiIwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEBBQAD
ggIPADCCAgoCggIBAN2y2zojYfl0bKfhp0AJBFeV+jQqbCw3sHmvEPwLmqDLqynI
42tZXR5y914ZB9ZrwbL/K5O46exd/LujJnV2b3dzcx5rtiQzso0xzljqbnbQT20e
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CvaADH7PZpU6z/zv5NU5HSvXiKtCzFuDu4/Zfi34RfHXeCUfHAb4KfNRXJwMsxUa
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VcI9SCDUa45clmYHJ/XYwV1icGVI8/9b2JUqklnOTa5tugwIUi5sTfipNcJXHhgz
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0O0j8EEKTwi9jnafVtZQXP/D8yoVowdFDjXcKkOPF/1gIh9qrFR6GdoPVgB3SkLc
5ulBqZaCHm563jsvWb/kXJnlFxW+1bsO9BDD6DweBcGdNurgmH625wBXksSdD7y/
fakk8DagjbjKShYlPEFOAqEcliwjF45eabL0t27MJV61O/jHzHL3dknXeE4BDa2j
bA+JbyJeUMtU7KMsxvx82RmhqBEJJDBCJ3scVptvhDMRrtqDBW5JShxoAOcpFQGm
iYWicn46nPDjgTU0bX1ZPpTpryXbvciVL5RkVBuyX2ntcOLDPlZWgxZCBp96x07F
AnOzKgZk4RzZPNAxCXERVxajn/FLcOhglVAKo5H0ac+AitlQ0ip55D2/mf8o72tM
fVQ6VpyjEXdiIXWUq/o=
-----END CERTIFICATE-----

 

(The dhparam.pem & .htpasswd files are not mandatory for the setup and require more complex configuration that you can google)

do you need cloudflare to get this configuration an "A" status?

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On 3/4/2021 at 12:44 PM, Bartype said:

Do

do you need cloudflare to get this configuration an "A" status?

It's likely much easier to get "A" status WITHOUT cloudflare... but I don't want to expose my server directly to the internet so I've never really tried without it.  To me, cloudflare is mostly just a fancy firewall.

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hey @pir8radioor anyone else, just a quick question if you don't mind.

Is it possible to add a connection id header or something else to client requests? I need a header that only changes on restarting emby clients for caching purposes.

 

Best regards

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2 minutes ago, horstepipe said:

hey @pir8radioor anyone else, just a quick question if you don't mind.

Is it possible to add a connection id header or something else to client requests? I need a header that only changes on restarting emby clients for caching purposes.

 

Best regards

I don't totally understand the question..   can you give a better example of your goal?      

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okay sorry 🙂

Basically I need something to identify a user's connection to the server. So if the user disconnects and reconnects, it has to be something else. All headers which are currently in place are unsuitable imo.
I need this as I want to experiment with some caching things in nginx.

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4 minutes ago, horstepipe said:

okay sorry 🙂

Basically I need something to identify a user's connection to the server. So if the user disconnects and reconnects, it has to be something else. All headers which are currently in place are unsuitable imo.
I need this as I want to experiment with some caching things in nginx.

that can be difficult..     For example, just navigating pages can appear to be different connections..   You can trace a user, but that user can close their browser come back and you wouldn't know, it would look like they just sat there on a page for a while.  you can base it off of a websocket connection, but navigating pages closes and re-opens that connection too i believe.  I mean its not impossible, but might not be super accurate. 

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this is just for emby apps, so no browser involved. Could you give me a hint where to look for the websocket solution? I also thought about the same

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7 hours ago, horstepipe said:

this is just for emby apps, so no browser involved. Could you give me a hint where to look for the websocket solution? I also thought about the same

might be a better way...   what do you plan to do?   im still a little hazy lol    like   i connect with my FireTv to your server...    and then i shut off the tv..  what do you expect to do or make happen?    Do you need to track every user as an individual user?   do you just need to know when all users are disconnected?     if you track individual users are you just logging the info/header?   or what?  🙂    Im very needy..

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6 hours ago, pir8radio said:

might be a better way...   what do you plan to do?   im still a little hazy lol    like   i connect with my FireTv to your server...    and then i shut off the tv..  what do you expect to do or make happen?    Do you need to track every user as an individual user?   do you just need to know when all users are disconnected?     if you track individual users are you just logging the info/header?   or what?  🙂    Im very needy..

I'm having some external scripts for playback in place (strm files). For these scripts there's some nginx caching implemented. But in some instances, the cache has to be purged/ignored. From what I learned, extended nginx purge commands are only available with nginx plus, so I have to go another route. So the easiest way would be if a user reconnects -> create a new cache. But for this purpose I need some "reconnect" identifier...

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15 hours ago, horstepipe said:

I'm having some external scripts for playback in place (strm files). For these scripts there's some nginx caching implemented. But in some instances, the cache has to be purged/ignored. From what I learned, extended nginx purge commands are only available with nginx plus, so I have to go another route. So the easiest way would be if a user reconnects -> create a new cache. But for this purpose I need some "reconnect" identifier...

and you cant use "proxy_cahe_purge" or "proxy_cache_bypass".   Like a different location block that your remote script can call to purge the cache?    Let me see if I can find a write up on it.    

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16 hours ago, horstepipe said:

I'm having some external scripts for playback in place (strm files). For these scripts there's some nginx caching implemented. But in some instances, the cache has to be purged/ignored. From what I learned, extended nginx purge commands are only available with nginx plus, so I have to go another route. So the easiest way would be if a user reconnects -> create a new cache. But for this purpose I need some "reconnect" identifier...

Yea, like this:  https://www.claudiokuenzler.com/blog/584/nginx-configure-bypassing-purging-proxy-cache-ngx_cache_purge

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Not sure if I understand correctly.

Would that just transfer my problem to the script? How will it get to know when a user reconnects?

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  • 3 weeks later...

I am using Caddy + Emby currently and my caddy config is just 2 lines

subdomain.domain.xyz {
    reverse_proxy 127.0.0.1:8096                  
}

Will i gain something by using nginx along with the config given in this post ?  Sorry I don't really have much knowledge in this regard. This 2 liner caddy config is what i have been using since a year but can definitely switch to nginx if its worth doing so . Any input is appreciated . (Just for info , Currently I use cloudfare along with caddy )

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13 hours ago, xd003 said:

I am using Caddy + Emby currently and my caddy config is just 2 lines


subdomain.domain.xyz {
    reverse_proxy 127.0.0.1:8096                  
}

Will i gain something by using nginx along with the config given in this post ?  Sorry I don't really have much knowledge in this regard. This 2 liner caddy config is what i have been using since a year but can definitely switch to nginx if its worth doing so . Any input is appreciated . (Just for info , Currently I use cloudfare along with caddy )

It seems like more people use nginx, so in general, it will be easier to find help for that. But if you're happy with your current setup, then might as well leave it alone.

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On 3/6/2021 at 2:26 PM, dapper said:

It's likely much easier to get "A" status WITHOUT cloudflare... but I don't want to expose my server directly to the internet so I've never really tried without it.  To me, cloudflare is mostly just a fancy firewall.

Thanks for your response. Does your config work with the free plan from cloudflare?

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15 hours ago, Bartype said:

Thanks for your response. Does your config work with the free plan from cloudflare?

if that was directed to me, yes i'm using this config with cloudflare (free).

 

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  • 3 weeks later...
On 4/7/2021 at 3:03 AM, Bartype said:

Thanks for your response. Does your config work with the free plan from cloudflare?

Yeah, I only use the free cloudflare service -- there's not very much that cloudflare offers for pay that would help any emby instance imo.  You'd probably need 1000s of users to start thinking about benefiting from paying cloudflare

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  • 1 month later...

im getting error 

nginx: [emerg] invalid URL prefix in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf:135
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test failed

can someone helfp?@dapper

when i try youre config @pir8radio works but i get Cloudflare error 522

 

worker_processes  auto;

error_log  logs/error.log;

events {
    worker_connections  2052;   #emby port
}


http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;
    server_names_hash_bucket_size 64;
    server_tokens off;
    access_log off;
#access logs disabled 

    include cloudflare-allow.conf; #created the file in etc/nginx
#only accept cloudflare IPs
    deny all;    							
#block all IPs except cloudflare

		ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:20m;
		ssl_session_timeout 180m;
		ssl_session_tickets on;
		ssl_early_data on;

    gzip on;
	gzip_disable "msie6";
	gzip_comp_level 6;
	gzip_min_length 1100;
	gzip_buffers 16 8k;
	gzip_proxied any;
	gzip_types
	    text/plain
	    text/css
	    text/js
	    text/xml
	    text/javascript
	    application/javascript
	    application/x-javascript
	    application/json
	    application/xml
	    application/rss+xml
	    image/svg+xml;

    tcp_nodelay on; 


	server {
		listen 443 ssl http2;  				
#only listen for https
		
		server_name example.example.com;  			
#domain name here

		include cloudflare-allow.conf; 
		deny all;      

    	auth_basic           "Auth";  
    	auth_basic_user_file .htpasswdd;   	
#additional httpauth password protection
		
		ssl_certificate /etc/ssl/cert.pem;
		ssl_certificate_key /etc/ssl/private.key;

		ssl_protocols TLSv1.3 TLSv1.2;		
#prefers v1.3 with minimum v1.2
		ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;  
		
		ssl_early_data on;

		ssl_ciphers 'ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-SHA:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-SHA256:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-ECDSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE+AES128:RSA+AES128:ECDHE+AES256:!aNULL:!eNULL:!EXPORT:!DES:!RC4:!MD5:!PSK:!aECDH:!EDH-DSS-DES-CBC3-SHA:!EDH-RSA-DES-CBC3-SHA:!KRB5-DES-CBC3-SHA:!DSS';
#only use ciphers with perfect-forward-secrecy and prefer low-overhead ciphers

		ssl_conf_command Options PrioritizeChaCha;  					
#prefer chacha for mobile devices that dont have hardware AES
        
		ssl_conf_command Ciphersuites TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256:TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384:TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256;
		
		keepalive_timeout 70;

		resolver 1.1.1.1 1.0.0.1 valid=300s;
#cloudflare DNS
        
		resolver_timeout 10s;


		ssl_stapling on;
		ssl_stapling_verify on; 
		ssl_stapling_responder http://ocsp.cloudflare.com/;  

		ssl_trusted_certificate /etc/ssl/certPlusOrigin.pem;
#my cert + cloudflare certs combined in 1 file

		ssl_client_certificate /etc/ssl/origin-pull-ca.pem;
#from cloudflare
        
		ssl_verify_client on;
		ssl_ocsp on;
		ssl_ocsp_responder http://ocsp.cloudflare.com/;
		ssl_ocsp_cache shared:OCSPCache:20m;

		ssl_dhparam ssl/dhparam.pem;
		ssl_ecdh_curve secp384r1;


		add_header Referrer-Policy "same-origin";
		add_header X-Frame-Options SAMEORIGIN;
		add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
		add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";


		client_max_body_size 100M;


		proxy_set_header Host $host;
		proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
		proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
		proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
		proxy_set_header Early-Data $ssl_early_data;

		proxy_http_version 1.1;
		proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
		proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";

		proxy_redirect off;
		proxy_buffering off;


		location / {
			auth_basic off;
#disable additional httpauth password for emby only 

			proxy_pass emby:port;

			include cloudflare-allow.conf;
			deny all;
            

			proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
			proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";
			proxy_set_header Early-Data $ssl_early_data;	
			proxy_hide_header X-Powered-By;	 
			proxy_set_header Range $http_range;  
			proxy_set_header If-Range $http_if_range;  
			proxy_set_header Host $host;  
			proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
			proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Ssl on;	
		}
		

		location /jackett {
			proxy_pass jackett:port;
			proxy_hide_header X-Powered-By;
			proxy_set_header Host $host;
			proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
			proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Ssl on;
			proxy_redirect default;
		}


		location /sonarr {
			proxy_pass sonarr:port;
			proxy_hide_header X-Powered-By;
			proxy_set_header Host $host;
			proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
			proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Ssl on;
			proxy_redirect off;
			proxy_buffering off;
		
		}


		location /qbittorrent/ {
    			proxy_pass              qbit:port;
    			proxy_hide_header X-Powered-By;
    			proxy_hide_header       Referer;
    			proxy_hide_header       Origin;
    			proxy_set_header        Referer                 '';
    			proxy_set_header        Origin                  '';
    			add_header              X-Frame-Options         "SAMEORIGIN";
				proxy_set_header Host $host;
				proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
				proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Ssl on;
				proxy_redirect off;
				proxy_buffering off;
		}



	}
}

 

Edited by fluxypyz
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On 6/2/2021 at 2:59 AM, fluxypyz said:

im getting error 

nginx: [emerg] invalid URL prefix in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf:135
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test failed

can someone helfp?@dapper

when i try youre config @pir8radio works but i get Cloudflare error 522

 

 

in your config you have proxy_pass emby:port;     i assume with your info in there it looks like: proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8096;     with the HTTP:// and IP not a domain name or anything?

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  • 4 weeks later...

thank you works now and the second think why didnt worked was the firewall. Can you help me to get xteve working with the nginx config ? that works with example.example.com/xteve ? the original url from xteve is  (ip:port/web/) I think i need to rewrite it but i dont know how.

example

 

location /xteve {
			proxy_pass ip:port;
			proxy_hide_header X-Powered-By;
			proxy_set_header Host $host;
			proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
			proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Ssl on;
			proxy_redirect default;

@pir8radio @dapper

Edited by TristenP
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